The Nagoya Protocol is the international agreement that regulates the Access and Benefit Sharing. That is, it establishes guidelines for commercial relations between the provider country of the genetic resources and the user country, covering aspects such as royalty payments, establishment of joint ventures, the right to technology transfer and training.
The agreement was established by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) at its tenth meeting (COP 10), held on 29 October 2010 in Nagoya, Japan, and entered into force on 12 October 2014. Brazil is one of the nearly 100 countries that have signed the protocol but has not ratified it. Thus, although a signatory, does not participate effectively in the treaty, which has generated criticism from experts.