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Fiocruz International News – February | March 2021

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Fiocruz News

Bimonthly newsletter of the Fiocruz Global Health Center (Cris/Fiocruz)

March / 2021
The Brazilian Health Regulatory Agency (Anvisa) granted the definitive registration of the Fiocruz COVID-19 vaccine on March 12. Thus, Fiocruz becomes the first holder of a registration of a COVID -19 vaccine produced in the country and adds to its product portfolio the eleventh vaccine to be supplied to the National Immunization Program (PNI). With the registration, Fiocruz can deliver to the PNI this week the first one million COVID-19 vaccines produced by the institution. The Foundation expects to deliver 3.8 million doses to the Ministry of Health by the end of March. In April, the delivery estimate will increase to about 21,1 million doses, and by July Fiocruz should complete the delivery of the 100 million doses resulting from the technology order agreement with AstraZeneca.
In face of the current pandemic scenario in Brazil, the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz) released on March 16 an extraordinary edition of the COVID-19 Observatory Bulletin. The analysis draws attention to the indicators that point to an extremely critical situation across the country. At the moment, out of the 27 federative units, 24 states and the Federal District have occupancy rates for ICU COVID-19 beds for adults in the Brazilian Public Health System (SUS, in the Portuguese acronym) equal to or greater than 80%, 15 of which with rates equal to or greater than 90%. In relation to capital cities, 25 of the 27 have these rates equal to or higher than 80%, 19 of which are higher than 90%.
A study has shown the geographical dispersion in the Brazilian territory of “worrying variants”. The research used a new RT-PCR protocol, developed by Fiocruz Amazônia, that allows quick detection of a mutation common to three of the “worrying variants” (P.1, B.1.1.7 and B.1.351). The evaluation was based on a thousand samples extracted from February 7 to 20.
The project will expand the sequencing of Sars-CoV-2 samples throughout the national territory. Currently, only three central laboratories in the states are capable of this task. The Network brings together researchers from various institutes of the Foundation to study genetics and genomes of viruses, bacteria, fungi, parasites, and humans.
Lima was elected in first place in the internal election process and then nominated by the Minister of Health for another four years term. She is the first woman to be in charge in 120 years
Lima defends including the parameter “viability of global access” as a way to prioritize research that can generate sustainable and accessible products when it comes to price and production
In an opinion essay, researchers from Fiocruz discuss the role that BRICS countries can play in the COVID-19 vaccine distribution
Oswaldo Cruz Institute project financed by the ‘Inova Fiocruz’ Program was awarded an international grant from the United Kingdom Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
With the participation of researchers from Fiocruz, a paper published in Scientific Reports addresses genomic sequencing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis samples to assess resistance in Guarani and Kaiowá indigenous peoples

Fiocruz International News
Bimonthly report of the Fiocruz Global Health Center (Cris/Fiocruz), edited by the Fiocruz Coordination of Social Communication

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